In most countries, the central government is the main buyer of goods and services of all kinds. Worldwide, this market is estimated at more than $2,400 billion. In fact, much of this market would generally be closed to U.S. suppliers when non-GPA countries can apply opaque procurement policies that effectively separate the market from foreign suppliers. Purchase agreements such as the GPA open up these markets and create a level playing field in which U.S. suppliers can effectively compete with foreign suppliers. GPA membership is limited to WTO members who have specifically signed or subsequently joined the GPA. WTO members are not required to join the GPA, but the United States urges all WTO members to participate in this important agreement. Several countries, including China, Russia and the Kyrgyz Republic, are negotiating GPA membership. Recognizing the inefficiency of the costs that can impose restrictive public procurement on national economies, the international trading community has been working for many years to place public procurement in multilateral trade disciplines. The Public Procurement Agreement (GPA) is a multi-lateral agreement last updated in 2014 and part of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which means that some, but not all, are signatories to the GPA. In accordance with Article V of the revised GPA, specific and differentiated treatment of developing countries can be negotiated in the form of transitional measures such as offsets, tariff preference programmes, higher thresholds and the gradual introduction of enterprises by a developing candidate country in the accession process, subject to the agreement of the other parties and the development needs of the member. The GPA is a multi-lateral agreement within the WTO framework, which means that not all WTO members are parties to the agreement.
Currently, the agreement consists of 20 parties, with 48 WTO members. Thirty-six WTO members/observers participate in the GPA committee as observers. Of these, 12 members are in the process of joining the agreement. When a undersigned government feels that its rights under this agreement are nullified or compromised by another signatory, it may request the initiation of WTO dispute settlement procedures to resolve the issue. The WTO dispute settlement procedure is described in the exporter`s guide to the WTO dispute settlement agreement. Beyond borders, measures have become an increasingly important factor in world trade and efforts to strengthen economic integration. Among these measures is the policy of states that prefer domestic firms over foreign firms in terms of public procurement (including public procurement). The emergence of these policies has attracted the attention of trade decision-makers and highlighted the gaps in the database needed to make policy decisions. The wto`s amplification is centred on legally binding rules that require signatories to set open, fair and transparent conditions of competition in public procurement processes in certain areas where they have been agreed. The following WTO members are parties to the 1994 agreement: The text of the agreement establishes rules that impose the guarantee of open, fair and transparent conditions of competition in the area of public procurement. However, these rules do not automatically apply to all purchasing activities of each party.